Do I Have the Right Rims?
Choosing the right rim can be tricky. With all the numbers, specifications, and technicalities to consider, it’s understandable if you feel intimidated as you shop for the right rim. However, it’s imperative that you choose the right one, as it can save you from difficult driving, potential hazards, and accidents.
The rim, or the outer edge of a wheel that holds the tire, is an important factor in the overall characteristics of a vehicle. For example, going for overly wide rims may result in more noise and vibration. Meanwhile, overly narrow ones may cause a dip in terms of handling performance. If you notice that you’re facing any of these issues, then you might need to look for a different and better-fitting rim.
Confused about how to get started? Here’s everything you need to know to ensure that you have the right rims for your vehicle.
Determine the Wheel Size
Take a closer look at the serial number on your tires. The serial number contains the tire width, height, and construction details, among others. The number you see as the size is usually based on diameter in inches. Remember that the rim diameter is not based on its outer edges but rather its beads, while the width is based on the mounting surface.
Determining the wheel size is essential because oversized rims may result in the tire rubbing onto the body. You have to make sure that your rim diameter matches your tire size. Otherwise, you might encounter difficulties in driving, especially during turns.
Ensure Correct and Matching Bolt Pattern
Make sure that you have the proper bolt pattern for your vehicle. A rim bolt pattern would typically have two numbers to describe it. The first number usually refers to the number of bolt holes or studs on the wheel. Meanwhile, the second number indicates the diameter of the imaginary circle formed by the same bolt holes.
To get the first number, simply count the bolt holes on the wheel. Commonly, wheels have four to five bolt holes, but it can be more. To get the second number, measure from one stud to the one directly across it. These numbers are usually represented as, for example, 4x100. This means the bolt pattern has four studs with a diameter of 100mm.
Determining the bolt pattern is essential because this is specific to a vehicle and not interchangeable. You must know what bolt pattern your vehicle requires and have the same bolt pattern on your wheel.
Understand Rim Offset and Backspacing
Backspacing refers to how far the hub mounting surface is from the back surface of the rim. Meanwhile, the offset describes the centerline of the wheel measured against the hub mount. The measurement of the wheel offset can result in a positive, negative, or zero wheel offset.
Zero wheel offset is when the centerline of the wheel perfectly aligns with the hub mounting surface. Positive wheel offset refers to a hub mounting surface that is pushed more toward the streetside. Meanwhile, negative wheel offset is when the centerline is pushed in front of the wheel’s hub mounting surface. Negative offset wheels are also known as deep dish wheels.
Understanding wheel backspacing and offsets is crucial. If your offset deviates too much from the original, you might have problems with your fender and brakes. You might also experience a bump steer where your wheels move up and down instead of maintaining a particular direction. This results in uncomfortable driving and, even worse, potential accidents.
Make Sure to Get Quality Rims
When it comes to your wheels’ rims, don’t be tempted to skimp out. Cheap ones can easily bend and break when passing through potholes, speedbumps, or bumpy roads. Quality rims, on the other hand, are sturdier and lighter. So be prepared to shell out a little extra cash for your own safety.
There are two main types of rims: forged rims and cast wheels. Forged rims are made out of heated solid aluminum. Cast wheels, on the other hand, are made out of melted liquid aluminum poured into molds. It’s almost always better and recommended to go for forged rims because they take longer to experience wear and tear over time. They’re also often built with more structural integrity. Contrastingly, cast wheels often easily bend against potholes and bumpy roads.
Overall, when it comes to rims, don’t be tempted to just buy a random one. The right rims can make your vehicle, while the wrong ones can easily break it. There are many specifications to keep in mind and consider, so be deliberate as you choose. Make sure to go for quality rims that fit your tires and overall vehicle.
Get started on choosing the right rims for your vehicle. Check out OEM Wheels Direct and browse an unmatched selection of the best factory and factory style wheels.